Research Top Ten Coffee Producing Countries Now

whatisincoffee.com coffee bean growing belt map image
image credit to Coffee For Less

“Research Top Ten Coffee Producing Countries Now” the top ten countries listed below. Top ten countries that produce coffee for the majority of the world. There are only three countries that grow most of the World’s coffee. I will tell you about the others as well.

Let’s find out where coffee comes from, shall we?

The image to the right is the shows coffee belt, which is the area of the world most suitable for growing coffee.

Top Ten Coffee Producing Countries


Top Ten Coffee Producing Countries, facts about each country and the percentage of coffee they produce.

Coffee Production for most countries is essential to the local economies and provides many jobs for the local people.

Counting down from 10 to number 1 in the least to most coffee produced.

#10 Coffee Producing CountriesHonduras –


Coffee has played a significant role in Honduran history and economy. In 2011, Honduras became the leading coffee producer in Central America. Producing as of 2019, Honduras produced 770 million pounds of coffee. There are 110,000 coffee farms registered in Honduras, providing over 1 million jobs to 12.5% of the entire 8 million people living in Honduras. During the harvest season between November and March, they hire to help with the annual harvest.

There are six major coffee-producing regions in Honduras, Copan, Opalaca, Montecillos, Comayagua, Agalta, and El Paraiso, most of which grow Arabica beans of better quality and flavored coffee when roasted.

Inaccessible transportations routes prevented Honduras from exporting more than 10% of the coffee harvest. In the past 25 years, the Honduran government starts building roads to remote areas for plantations to have easier access to port cities. To read for yourself about the coffee of Honduras, visit their website.

#9 Coffee Producing Countries – Peru –


Cafe Peru berlap bag of Peru coffee

It is ranked in the top ten coffee-producing countries and produces near 460 million pounds annually. Like Honduras, Peru primarily has Arabica beans from three major growing areas along the eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains. They are Chanchamayo, Amazonas, and San Martin regions and the southern highlands. St Ignacio near the Ecuadorean border is the centralized area for coffee plantations in northern Peru.

I need to mention for a moment that Peruvian coffee from the Amazonas area is one of my favorites, if not my favorite. I had spent six months in Peru back in 2006 and had spent a very memorable time in the Amazonas area. I fell in love with the people, the food and the yes, the COFFEE.  One place I shall never forget.

OK back to it.

Peru has a Coffee Cooperative, CENFROCAFE. Which is a cooperative of over 80 farm associations that keep and

develop high standards for coffee production and quality? The best part of the CENFROCAFE is that they regulate about 92% of the coffee as organic and 100% is certified Fair Trade.

That brings a greater demand for Peruvian coffee; with greater demand comes higher standards to follow for a repeat in quality year after year.

Most of the plantations in Peru are between 3,300 – 5,900 ft, perfect for growing a better quality coffee. The higher elevations are more relaxed in temperature and have fewer problems with bug infestations and coffee rust. Higher elevation. Higher quality product.

#8 Coffee Producing Countries – Guatemala –


The history of coffee in Guatemala dates back to the 1850s. Having the perfect climates, it has been a mainstay in the country as one of its main economic exports. From the later part of the 1800s, Guatemala was the leading exporter of coffee in Central America until Honduras was able to take the top spot from them in 2011 as exporting the most.

Yet Guatemala is still a favorite for other countries, and they exported some 449 million pounds of coffee in 2018.

Anacafe, a coffee growers association, developed the Guatemalan Coffee Brand and established eight coffee growing regions under the new slogan A Rainbow of Choices. The growing areas mentioned are Acatenango Valley, Antigua Coffee, Traditional Atitlan, Rainforest Coban, Fraijanes Plateau, Highland Huehue, New Oriente, and Volcanic San Marcos.

Much like Peru, Honduras, and many other coffee-producing countries, there are Associations to regulate and oversee the coffee growers and track exported coffee. Anacafe oversees that process in Guatemala.

#7 Coffee Producing Countries – Mexico –


mexico coffee beans on map of mexico

Coffee production in Mexico is mainly in the south-central to southern regions down to the border of Guatemala. The coastal areas make for the perfect climate for Mexico’s coffee growing, which is mostly Arabica beans. To the dryer regions inland where the ground is more aired and dry, they grow a lot of Robusta, which is more suitable for drying more harsh growing conditions.

Mexico wasn’t exporting much coffee until the late 1870s.

Now producing nearly 515 million tons a year.

In the 1980s, coffee became Mexico’s #1 export, and they export the most coffee to the United States.

Inmecafe is the government-regulated association for coffee growers in Mexico, and they stood up for higher export prices and plantation maintenance to help farmers yield a larger crop.

There are three primary states, Chiapas, Veracruz, and Oaxaca, that have contributed 73% of farmlands to producing coffee. Between 1970 and 1982, coffee production had risen by 6,000 tons of green coffee beans and a year.

That, in my opinion, is great for the smaller farmer and plantation owners.

#6 Coffee Producing Countries – India –


Coffee production in India is a big business on a small scale. What I mean by that is that there are over 25 thousand coffee growers in India. Many of them being smaller family-run coffee farms and those small producing growers combined export over 4.5% of the world’s coffee. Italy imports more than 25% of India’s coffee, and the other 75% goes to other countries.

Here is a list of other countries Germany, the Russian Federation, Spain, Belgium, Slovenia, United States, Japan, Greece, Netherlands, and France.

So Indian Coffee plays a big part in European coffee markets.

India has a lot of history with coffee for almost 1,400 years. It is known that coffee from India is the best shade-grown coffee in the world.

As of 2018, India produced nearly 770 million pounds of coffee.

Coffee is grown in three southern states, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, forming the coffee region in south India. New areas developed for coffee production near the eastern coast, also known as “Seven Sister States of India.”

Indian Monsooned Coffee, named after the conditions it is grown. Mostly in monsoon rainfall conditions of southern India. Most coffee is either Arabica or Robusta.

India has a different regulating system in place compared to most coffee-producing countries. There is a Liberalization for the coffee grower to sell as much of their coffee to whoever they want wherever they want. It gives the farmers control of their crops for domestic or foreign sale.

To read more about the coffees of India see for yourself on Wikipedia.

#5 Coffee Producing Countries – Ethiopia –


The origins of Coffee, now Ethiopia has more history with coffee than any other country. A goat herder discovered coffee Two thousand years ago. Learn more about the history of coffee.

In 2018 Ethiopia produced near 860 million pounds of coffee that accounts for 3% of the world’s coffee. 60% of their economy relies on coffee exports and domestic sales. An estimated 50% of the coffee consumed in domestic markets, and the remaining coffee goes to foreign markets.

There are four growing regions  Harar, Sidamo, Yirgacheffe, or Limu, divided separately and marketed under their regional names. Yirgacheffe is one of the more recognizable brands found in the United States from Ethiopia.

#4 Coffee Producing Countries – Indonesia –


civet cat coffee from Indonesia Kopi Luwak

It is known for growing over 20 different coffees with low acidity, making it a good match for blending coffee from Central and South America with a higher acidic level.

2018 there were 1.4 billion pounds produced in Indonesia.

25% of Indonesian coffee is Arabica which is grown on the many islands in the region. Robusta coffee is consumed.

Mostly by the locals and used for making Instant coffees for big international companies like Kraft Foods and Nestle.

I have learned something new today while researching. That robusta is used for most espresso blend coffees for unique characteristics in flavor and add the crema to the espresso. It goes to show, you learn something new every day.

The region is also known for producing the world’s most expensive coffee Kopi Luwak from the Palm Civet Cat. I have written a short post on Kopi Luwak you can read at your leisure here.

Five of the main producing islands are Sumatra, Bali, Sulawesi, Timor, and Java.

With an estimated 2 million coffee farms in Indonesia, it is difficult for the government to track and help most remote coffee growers. Most of the smaller operations are said to be less than a couple of acres in size. They are making it difficult for some of the farmers to keep a healthy crop from not being able to afford pesticides and other maintenance methods.

#3 Coffee Producing Countries – Colombia –


As we are all familiar with Colombian coffees, Juan Valdez and his mule loaded down with coffee. Remember those commercials?

Colombia has a reputation for the world’s best coffees with mild, well-balanced coffee beans. I think it was the image of Juan that made Colombian coffee so famous. They did produce a lot of coffee, over 1.7 billion pounds in 2018. I will give them credit for having the most Arabica coffee beans.

There are over 500,000 small family growing operations throughout the coffee regions of Colombia. There are strict regulations that are put into place and followed to protect Colombian quality coffee products.

#2 Coffee Producing Countries – Vietnam –


vietnam countryside with coffee on table

Being one of the smaller countries on the list here, Vietnam produced an astounding 3.6 billion pounds of coffee in 2018.

Robusta accounts for 97% of Vietnam’s coffee and 3% Arabica. It isn’t easy to find a market for so much coffee as it is not of the same quality as Arabica. Vietnam has been working on plans to grow more arabica beans and improve the coffee produced. There are blends of arabica and robusta, both made in Vietnam and imported to blend for unique flavors from other Arabica-producing countries.

I will give more detailed information on Vietnam’s coffee culture and history towards the end of January 2016. I will meet a special friend, and I plan to try a lot of coffee. So please come back to read my post updating the Vietnam Coffee Culture.

#1 Coffee Producing Countries – Brazil –


The leader of coffee-producing countries. Brazil has been the largest coffee-producing country for over 150 years. Since coffee was introduced in Brazil by Francisco de Melo Palheta in the state of Para back in 1727, it has been almost three-century. Now Brazil has some 10,000 square miles of the southeastern part of the country in Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, and Parana that produce one-third of the coffee in the world, which is Arabica. Robusta is grown in the northwestern state of Espirito Santo.

Arabica is the most popularly produced of all coffees globally, consisting of 80%, and the other 20 – 25% is Robusta.

Brazil produces an astounding 5.7 billion pounds of coffee each year, that is two times as much as the second producer “VietNam”

With about 220,000 coffee farms covering 10,000 square miles, it is a coffee grower’s paradise.

Conclusion to The Top Ten Coffee Producing Countries.


That is my summary of the top ten coffee producing countries.

I hope you found it informative.

If you have questions or would like to share your opinion, please use the comment area below, and I will be happy to answer promptly.

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Thank you for stopping by,

Thomas

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